Mapping Deprivation and Teenage Murders in London deprivation is mapped to Lower Super Output Area (lowest spatial level available)
Teenage Murder and Deprivation
1. DEPRIVATION by Lower Super Output Level
On the main Teenage Murder page
we assessed whether Teenage Murders are more likely to occur within deprived areas. A correlational test of numbers of teenage murders per borough (from 2005 to 2011), against a London Boroughs rank on the Index of Multiple Deprivation (2010), revealed a moderate relationship that suggests that deprivation could account for around a third of the variability in the numbers of teenage murders between different London boroughs.
While this approach was a useful first step, the index of deprivation (score or rank) for a whole Borough only provides a gross measure, that can hide serious deprivation within a borough if the majority of areas in that borough are doing well.
, a Lecturer in the Department of Town and Regional Planning at the University of Sheffield, worked with the Guardian Newspaper
to map the deprivation data from the department of Communities and Local Government to its smallest spatial level (Lower Super Output Area) and we have combined this incredibly useful mapping information on deprivation with our location data on teenage murder to see how the two sets of information align.
On first sight there does seem to be a pretty good case for deprivation being linked to where these murders are most likely to occur. But on further analysis there doesn't appear to be a strong skew towards the most deprived areas. With clustering of murders in the mid range and reductions towards the most deprived and least deprived areas…. pretty much a standard distribution curve
. See table below.
Table of deprivation scores against number of murders occurring in that score range
more info on IMD
(higher numbers are more deprived)
|Number of Teenage Murders
|1 to 9 (least deprived)
|10 to 19
|20 to 29
|30 to 39
|40 to 49
|50 to 59
|60 to 69 (most deprived)
The information has been provided for illustrative purposes, but we were surprised that it wasn't more conclusive about the link between the location of teenage murders and places of highest deprivation. As mentioned in the main teenage murder page, other factors are involved and to account for the large fluctuations in teenage murders between years, and between places with similar deprivation levels, cultural and behavioural factors by residents and perhaps services need to be considered.
Source: Citizens Report 2011 More Citizens Issues